In intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), a single healthy sperm is injected into each mature egg.
It is often used when the quality or quantity (shape or mobility) of semen is a problem or if previous fertilization attempts in an In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) procedure have been unsuccessful.
ICSI is recommended when there is a low sperm count, when sperm are abnormally shaped or motile, when In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) procedure has been attempted and few or no eggs were fertilized.
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection is not recommended if the person has previously undergone treatments and low quality or immature eggs prevail, which will not allow them to be fertilized with sperm.
An embryo specialist will inject a single sperm directly into the egg. This maximizes the chances of fertilization, eliminating the potential problems that the sperm may have in reaching the egg.
Regarding the possible risks involved in ICSI treatment, there are certain problems that can be transmitted genetically, as well as the possibility that a male conceived by ICSI inherits his father's infertility.
In the event that ICSI treatment does not work, experts recommend waiting a few months before trying again, in order for the body to recover from the stress. Alternatively, exploring other options for creating a family, such as donor sperm or adoption, is suggested.